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Apert Syndrome is a genetic disease in which the growth sutures between the skull bones close earlier than normal during prenatal development, affecting the shape of the head and face. It is a form of syndromic craniosynostosis.


Children with Apert Syndrome typically have a flat, elongated forehead, prominent or bulging eyes due to shallow orbits (eye sockets), recession or underdevelopment of the midface (maxillary hypoplasia), and syndactyly or fusion of the digits. Incomplete development of the middle of the face (midface hypoplasia) will affect how your child looks and how their jaws line up. It can cause problems with chewing and breathing during sleep (obstructive sleep apnea).

Patients with Apert Syndrome can have related health and developmental issues, reinforcing the need for coordinated, multidisciplinary care and access to a variety of pediatric subspecialists.


Patients with Apert Syndrome may have associated intellectual or developmental disabilities. The treatment of Apert Syndrome is dependent upon both functional and appearance-related needs, and should be addressed immediately after your child is born. Because of the complex issues that can be associated with Apert Syndrome, your child should be treated at a medical center where she will have access to pediatric specialists across the many clinical areas she may need.

Coordinated care of patients with Apert Syndrome can be managed through the craniofacial team which maintains close collaboration with Genetics, Ophthalmology, Speech, Otolaryngology (ENT), Audiology and Neurosurgery to help provide comprehensive craniofacial care.

In addition to surgical care, children with Apert Syndrome benefit from routine psychosocial support to address any behavioral, developmental, academic, emotional or social difficulties associated with their condition, appearance differences, and surgical treatments throughout childhood.